What Is Agreement and Types of Agreement

Agreement is a term used in grammar that refers to the way words in a sentence are linked together to indicate the relationships between them. Essentially, an agreement is an assertion of consistency between two or more elements in a sentence, and it is an essential component of clear and effective communication. In this article, we will look at the types of agreement that exist in English.

Subject-Verb Agreement

Subject-verb agreement is perhaps the most common type of agreement in the English language. It refers to the relationship between the subject of a sentence and the verb that follows it. The verb should agree with the subject in terms of tense and number. So, if the subject is singular, the verb should also be singular, and if the subject is plural, the verb should be plural as well.

For example:

– The cat chases the mouse. (singular subject and singular verb)

– The cats chase the mouse. (plural subject and plural verb)

Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement

Another type of agreement is pronoun-antecedent agreement. A pronoun is a word that replaces a noun, and the antecedent is the noun that the pronoun replaces. Pronoun-antecedent agreement ensures that the pronoun used matches the noun it is replacing, in terms of gender, number, and person.

For example:

– Mary is going to the store. She needs to buy some milk. (The pronoun “she” refers to the antecedent “Mary” and agrees with it in terms of gender and person.)

– The students are preparing for their exams. They need to study hard. (The pronoun “they” refers to the antecedent “students” and agrees with it in terms of number.)

Subject-Complement Agreement

Subject-complement agreement is another type of agreement that exists in English. A subject complement is a word or phrase that follows a linking verb and explains or identifies the subject. The complement should agree with the subject in terms of number and gender.

For example:

– The cake smells delicious. (singular subject “cake” and singular complement “delicious”)

– The flowers are beautiful. (plural subject “flowers” and plural complement “beautiful”)

In conclusion, understanding grammatical agreement is essential for clear and effective communication. Correct agreement ensures that the relationships between words and phrases in a sentence are unambiguous and accurate. Whether we are writing for academic or professional purposes or simply communicating with friends and family, proper agreement makes our language more precise and our messages more effective.

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